Neonatal Infection

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April 30, 2017 at 8:26 am  •  Posted in Uncategorized by  •  0 Comments

Neonatal Infection

The infection in a newborn baby within a span of the first four weeks after birth is referred to as neonatal infection. Such infections may occur during the birth of the child or right after the child is born. A new born baby is more gullible to fall ill as it does not have a developed immune system. Thus, they cannot fight against the potential viruses or bacteria. Neonatal infections are mainly caused due to the presence of organisms in the mother’s genitourinary tract.

Symptoms

If the new born baby has the following indications then it is most likely that he has fallen prey to neonatal infection.

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fluctuating temperature
  • Rash on the skin
  • Constant crying
  • Poor feeding
  • Irritability
  • Listlessness

Change in sleeping patterns is also a potential indication. If the baby does not sleep at all or suddenly sleeps all the time that is an indication of a forthcoming infection and can cause lethal damage to the child if not taken care of immediately.

Causes

Babies bring happiness in our lives. However, if a new born baby falls sick, it causes immense distress. Neonatal infections can be caused by the presence of bacteria in the mother’s genitourinary tract. It can also be caused by virus and fungi or any kind of sexually transmitted infection.

Risk Factor

Untimely delivery is the biggest risk factor of such infection. If the baby is underweight that also makes him more prone to infections of all kinds. Extended labour also leaves the child at the risk of the infection. Neonatal infection, if not treated at the early stages, will cause severe, often irreparable damage to the child.

Treatment

Anti-biotics like

ampicillin, cefotaxime, gentamicin, are commonly used in the treatment of neonatal infection. Also, anti viral medications like famciclovir, valacyclovir, and penciclovir are also helpful. Taking care of the health of the mother is of utmost importance to prevent neonatal infection. If the mother does not follow a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy, then the new born baby is bound to suffer from illnesses.

Regular health check-up of the mother during pregnancy and a proper lifestyle will help in the birth of a healthy baby, thus preventing the onset of neonatal infections. Though in some cases, such infections cannot be prevented, however, with optimum care and proper medications, the infection can be dealt with, ensuring a speedy recovery.

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