Community-Associated (CAMRSA) Staph Infections: A Guideline for Athletic Departments

0
February 27, 2014 at 10:19 am  •  Posted in CAMRSA, featured by  •  0 Comments

The information below is being provided for controlling and preventing staph infections in sports teams. The coach, athletes, athletic department and trainers who share responsibilities should work together and ensure the control and the prevention of staph skin infections.

Background

Staphylococcus aureus which is also referred to as staph are common bacteria that are found to be carried in the nose or skin of people who are healthy. Approximately there are twenty five to thrity percent population that is found to have staphylococcus aureus colonized in nose.

MRSA Staph InfectionsThese bacteria can also be carried in groin, genital area and armpit. Staph bacteria are considered to be the most common causes of infections of the skin in the United States of America. Most of staph infections of the skin are minor and they appear in the form of boils and pimples and they can easily be treated without taking antibiotics. Staph can also cause different kinds of other dangerous infections like bloodstream infections, pneumonia and even joint infections. Most of these infections occur due to direct contact owing to skin breakage. The staph can also spread from one infected person to another or form an object to another person.

Certain inanimate objects like bed linens, clothing, sports equipment, furniture and personal items might serve as an infection source if they get soiled by means of wound drainage and a normal person comes into direct contact of such objects. Colonization cannot just happen because of skin breakage but it can also be caused due to contact with contaminated objects and infected people. The general condition of the health of a human being and the condition of the immune system also play an

important role in susceptibility of the infection. In the past, it was very easy to treat staph infections by the use of inexpensive and short course antibiotics but at present it is pretty difficult to treat staph infections because the bacteria of staph infection have become resistant to the use of antibiotics.

MRSA or Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA is a type of staph infection that is found to be resistant to penicillin which includes dicloxillin and various other methicillin-related antibiotics. These bacteria are also found to be resistant to cephalosporins like Keflex. Previously, it was found that MRSA was only widespread in long-term care facilities and hospitals and taking antibiotics was considered to be a risk factor in infections of MRSA. Recently, a very new and virulent MRSA strain has come up in the entire community and it is found to cause abscesses, boils and several other types of infections of the soft tissue which are in no ways linked to the use of antibiotics that might have been used previously. This type of MRSA strain is called community-associated MRSA. The infections caused by community-associated MRSA are higher in comparison to those caused by staph and this is generally found in athletic teams.

Share

Leave a Reply