Chlamydia

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April 30, 2017 at 8:39 am  •  Posted in Chlamydia by  •  0 Comments

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It can affect both men and women. Since the symptoms do not start showing up immediately after the infection, it is often transmitted unknowingly. It is one of the most common STIs in the United States of America.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Chlamydia take up to a few weeks after the infection, to start showing.

Symptoms in men include

  • Discharge from the penis,
  • Burning sensation while urination
  • Pain or itching of the genital area
  • Swelling of testicles, one or both.

Symptoms in women include

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Burning during urination
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Bleeding between period

The infection can also spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease.

Causes

Chlamydia is an STI which is transmitted by contact via oral, anal or vaginal sex. The bacterium is spread through bodily fluids discharged from sex organs. It can also be passed on to a baby by an infected mother.

Risk Factor

Chlamydia can infect the penis, vagina, anus, cervix, urethra, throat, and even eyes. It can cause severe damage to the reproductive system like which may result in ectopic pregnancy and even infertility in the future. Repeated eye infections can cause blindness. Chlamydia is the leading cause of blindness in many developed nations.

Treatment

Immediate treatment is of utmost importance as soon as the infection is diagnosed. Although permanent damages cannot be reversed, antibiotics can arrest the infection. Depending on th

e case, one might be administered a one time antibiotic or a course of antibiotics which has to be taken for a week. One should abstain from sex during this period. It is safe to wait for a week after the course of antibiotics. Three months after the course of the antibiotics is over, get a test done to ensure that the infection is cured. It is mandatory to get one’s partner checked for Chlamydia as well.

Sexually active people who have multiple partners are usually at a higher risk of contracting the disease. Always use condoms and dental dams. Have an honest conversation with a potential sexual partner about his or her history of STD and STI testing. For the safety of your partner get yourself tested for STD and STI at a regular intervals.

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